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Sugar, Junk Food, and Cavities: How to Keep Your Child’s Teeth Healthy and Clean.

Teeth are small calcified structures planted in gums and they do require care to remain free of infections. Tooth problems are growing, as people fail to take enough measures to sustain healthy teeth.
Everyone must be aware of the fact that, there exist many problems associated with teeth, apart from the most common issue-Dental Cavities. So, in order to acknowledge the methods to keep your oral cavity disease-free, you should be acquainted with the various dental problems that you could be susceptible to.

 Common Dental Problems.

· Bad Breath. This is called Halitosis in medical terms and the unpleasant odour of the exhaled breath can be downright embarrassing. 90% of the people diagnosed with Halitosis were found to have bacteria in the gumline or at the back of the tongue, which accounts for the production of malodorous compounds and fatty acids, causing the mouth to stink.
· Periodontal Disease. Colloquially known as gum disease, is the infection of the gums in which teeth are embedded. In adults, this can lead to tooth loss, whereas, among teenagers, a milder form of the disease, called Gingivitis prevails which can cause acute pain.
· Oral Cancer. Any cancerous tissue growth in the oral cavity is oral cancer. Oral cancer had managed to kill around 124,000 people globally. DNA mutation; tobacco and alcohol intake are the main causes of the onset.
· Tooth Erosion. Dental Erosion is most commonly experienced by children in the age group of 5-7. The most common cause of this destruction is the high intake of acidic foods and drinks. The tooth structure is irreversibly damaged due to chemical dissolution by acids.
Other possible sources of corrosive acids may be the over exposure to chlorinated water.
· Tooth Sensitivity. This includes dentine hypersensitivity to any changes in the environment. The typical triggers for this condition are exposure of the teeth to hot and cold drinks and physical pressure. Exposed teeth roots allow fluids to enter the nerve endings, thereby causing sudden pangs of pain.
· Tooth Cavities. Also called dental caries, is another work of harmful bacteria. Teeth are stripped of minerals and the hard tissues of the teeth are destroyed. The action of increased bacterial fermentation of acids from food, results in the weakening and breakdown of the tooth structure, thereby causing holes to appear.

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How To Safeguard Your Child’s Teeth.

Once you’re familiar with all the risks that your child’s teeth can be vulnerable to, you should also be educated with the adoptable measures that will help supress dental diseases.

1. Brush Twice A Day. Encourage your child to brush his/her teeth twice a day, preferably in the morning and before going to bed. Fluoride-containing toothpastes are highly beneficial, as, apart from preventing dental caries, they also enhance the formation of dental enamel.
2. Tongue-Cleaning. Use a tongue cleaner to gently scrub the tongue (Even the back of it). This removes bacterial build-up, food debris, fungi and dead cells from the surface of the tongue. Bad breath can be avoided by doing this.
3. Flossing. Although dental flossing is an effective cleaning method, using thin filaments to remove food that’s stuck between teeth might not be a very advisable thing to do for young children. Interdental brushes can be used as an alternative tool to clean between teeth and also between the wire of dental braces and teeth.
4. Change Toothbrushes. Worn out toothbrushes show decreased cleaning efficiency, therefore it is recommended to change toothbrushes after 6-16 weeks.
5. Proper Brushing. Brushing too hard leads to excess abrasion and strips the enamel of essential substances. Toothbrushes with bristles that are too hard, remove plaque more efficiently than those with soft bristles, but are stressful to teeth and gums. Using medium to soft bristles for a longer cleaning time is more beneficial to oral health.
6. Diet Control. Foods and drinks that are too high on sugar content or too acidic should be avoided. Junk food increases susceptibility to teeth problems. Children should be provided with a perfectly balanced diet that shields them not only from dental caries, but also from other health problems. The FDI World Dental Federation has promoted foods like raw vegetables, plain yogurt and cheese as dentally beneficial and this has been echoed by the American Dental Association.

7. Visit A Dentist. Regular visits to a dentist help keep teeth clean. Also, any kind of disease can be detected and treated in the early stages, before it gets worse.

This oral healthcare content was provided by Art De Dante Cosmetic Dentist Melbourne, a very well known Melbourne dentist.  We thank them for this excellent contribution.

As people get well-informed with the causes of most common oral problems that children, as well as the rest of the population is vulnerable to, it becomes easier to find and practice hygienic habits to curb all dental issues. Maintaining good oral hygiene helps in the regeneration and healing of oral tissues, so it is extremely recommended that you start off right away before ending up in permanent dental damage.

References: http://dentistry.about.com/od/toothmouthconditions/tp/10-Common-Dental-Problems.htm
http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/tooth-decay-prevention
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002061.htm

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